Here we come to one complicated topic Doubling. Look at the verb “da”, it means “give”. It is related to the English word “donor”. Look at its form given below:

दा → ददाति
dā → dadāti
give → He gives.

The root verb “da” produces the stem dadā. It can be noticed that the sound is doubled in the production of this verb, therefore, this procedure is called “doubling”, because the sound is doubled.

Doubling occurs in older verb forms and last verb class. However, it occurs in certain other places as well. For example, sthā uses the stem tiṣṭha, which is an example of irregular doubling.

In this chapter:
First, we shall have an overview of doubling, then we shall move to five forms which use doubling, and the fifth form will come at last.