By far we learned about vowels and consonants. However, there are some other sounds too, which do not fall into vowels or consonants, but they appear after the vowels and consonants. they are called anusvāra and visarga.
Anusvāra sound is pure nasal based sounds, which appears after the consonants. Their point of pronunciation is same as consonants. Let us see some examples of them;
|How its written||How it’s pronounced|
Hence, for this reason, Samskrita is pronounced as Sanskrit
Visarga sound is pronounced to shorten or soften the vowel, for example, “ah”. The sound “ah” is a visarga sound and is usually used in front of ka, kha, pa, pha sounds. Visarga can also be defined as soft-palate “s” sound.