This article deals with how should one address the figures in the Sanskrit language. Look at the table below to get acquainted with the 1 to 100 counting in Sanskrit language.
The table is given below deals with numbers 1 to 20 counting in the Sanskrit language.
Sanskrit  English 
EKAM  One 
DVE  Two 
TRINI  Three 
CHATWAARI  Four 
PANCHA  Five 
SHAT  Six 
SAAPT  Seven 
ASHTA  Eight 
NAAV  Nine 
DAASH  Ten 
EKAADASH  Eleven 
DVADAASH  Twelve 
TRAYODAASH  Thirteen 
CHATURDAASH  Fourteen 
PANCHDAASHA  Fifteen 
SHODASH  Sixteen 
SAPTADASHA  Seventeen 
ASHTADAASHA  Eighteen 
NAVADASHA  Nineteen 
VIMSHATIHI  Twenty. 
Now, as you all must have noticed that just like the other words, the words describing a particular number is also formed from infections.
The suffix “Daash” is notable in the numbers from eleven to nineteen. Now we shall deal with numbers from twentyone to forty in the table given below.
Sanskrit  English 
EKAMVISHATIHI  Twentyone 
DVAVIMSHATIHI  Twentytwo 
TRAYOVIMSHATIHI  Twentythree 
CHATURVIMSHATIHI  Twentyfour 
PANCHVIMSHATHI  Twentyfive 
SHADVIMSHATIHI  Twentysix 
SAPTVIMSHATIHI  Twentyseven 
ASHTVIMSHATIHI  Twentyeight 
NAVVIMSHATIHI  Twentynine 
TRIMSHAT  Thirty 
EKTRIMSHAT  Thirtyone 
DVATRIMSHAT  Thirtytwo 
TRAYATRIMSHAT  Thirtythree 
CHATURTRIMSHAT  Thirtyfour 
PADMATRIMSHAT  Thirtyfive 
SHATTRIMSHAT  Thirtysix 
SAPTTRIMSHAT  Thirtyseven 
ASHTATRIMSHAT  Thirtyeight 
NAVATRIMSHAT  Thirtynine 
CHATVAARIMSHAT  Forty 
We shall again look at the inflections,it can be noticed that in any set of numbers, word initials are a repetition of the words used in numbers from one to ten, and the words which occur wordfinally are a repetition of the number from which that particular set begins. This can be understood with an example given below:
Vimshatihi means twenty, note that all the words signifying the numbers twenty one to twenty nine will have the “vimshatihi” as word final. A similar thing can also be noticed about the words signifying the set of thirtyone to thirty nine.
Now we shall look at the numbers from fortyone to number sixty in the table given below.
Sanskrit  English

EKACHATVAARIMSHAT  Fortyone 
DVICHATVAARIMSHAT  Fortytwo 
TRICHATVAARIMSHAT  Fortythree 
CHATUSHCHATVAARIMSHAT  Fortyfour 
PANCHCHATVARAARIMSHAT  Fortyfive 
SHAATCHATVAARISMSHAT  Fortysix 
SAPTACHATVAARIMSHAT  Fortyseven 
ASHTACHATVAARIMSHAT  Fortyeight 
NAAVACHATVAARIMSHAT  Fortynine 
PAANCHAASHAT  Fifty 
EKPANCHAASHAT  Fiftyone 
DVIPANCHAASHAT  Fiftytwo 
TRIPANCHAASHAT  Fiftythree 
CHATUHUPANCHAASHAT  Fiftyfour 
PANCHAPANCHAASHAT  Fiftyfive 
SHATPANCHAASHAT  Fiftysix 
SAPTAPANCHASHAAT  Fiftyseven 
ASHTAPANCHAASHAT  Fiftyeight 
NAAVAPANCHAASHAT  Fiftynine 
SHATTIHI  Sixty. 
Similar patterns continue, now we look at numbers from sixty to 100 on the next page.
Sanskrit  English 
EKAASHTIHI  Sixtyone 
DVYSHTIHI  Sixtytwo 
TRYSHTIHI  Sixtythree 
CHATURAASHTIHI  Sixtyfour 
PANCHAASHTIHI  Sixtyfive 
SHADASHTIHI  Sixtysix 
SAPTASHTIHI  Sixtyseven 
ASHTASHTIHI  Sixtyeight 
NAVAASHTIHI  Sixtynine 
SAPTATIHI  Seventy 
EKASAPTATIHI  Seventyone 
DVISAPTATIHI  Seventytwo 
TRISAPTATIHI  Seventythree 
CHATUHUSAPTATIHI  Seventyfour 
PANCHASAPTATIHI  Seventyfive 
SHATSAPTATIHI  Seventysix 
SAPTASAPTATIHI  Seventyseven 
ASHTASAPTATIHI  Seventyeight 
NAVASAPTATIHI  Seventynine 
ASHEETIHI  Eighty 
EKAASHEETIHI  Eightyone 
DVYSHEETIHI  Eightytwo 
TRYASHEETIHI  Eightythree 
CHATURASHEETIHI  Eightyfour 
PANCHAASHEETIHI  Eightyfive 
SHADASHEETIHI  Eightysix 
SAPTAASHEETIHI  Eightyseven 
ASHTAASHEETIHI  Eightyeight 
NAVASHEETIHI  Eightynine 
NAVATIHI  Ninety 
EKANAVATIHI  Ninetyone 
DVINAVATIHI  Ninetytwo 
TRINAVATIHI  Ninetythree 
CHATURNAVATIHI  Ninetyfour 
PANCHANAVATIHI  Ninetyfive 
SHANNAVATIHI  Ninetysix 
SAPTANAVATIHI  Ninetyseven 
ASHTANAVATIHI  Ninetyeight 
NAVANAVATIHI  Ninetynine 
SHATAM  Hundred 
It is important to note that as we move further, different inflections keep on being added to the word that signifies the numbers.