The command mood was studied by us while studying the nouns. We shall now take a look at the other; these were P verbs belonging to simple verbs. Now we shall study some more of these kinds of verbs, however, you would be glad to know that these resemble the verbs we have been studying to a great extent.

Now we shall look at a few examples of these verbs, study their patterns and see how they differ in comparison to ordinary past tense. First let us look at P endings in the command mood.

Note: simple verbs and complex verbs both have the same kind of endings. Now let us look at the example.

  Singular Plural Dual
Third person भवतु bhavatu भवन्तु bhavantu
Second person भव bhava
First person भवानि bhavāni भवाव bhavāva भवाम bhavāma


In the first person, there would be an absence of visarga (a mark that was present in the ordinary past tense).

Now we shall look at a complex verb in parsmaipada verbs. Please look at the table given below.  The verb is “su”. The ones in the strong form are given in Italics.

  Singular Plural Dual
Third person सुनोतु sunotu सुन्वन्तु sunvantu
Second person सुनु sunu
First person सुनवानि
सुनवाम sunavāma

Now we shall look at the simple and complex verbs in Atmanepada verbs. The verbs we shall be taking are “labh” and “su”. But first we shall look at labh which is an example of simple verbs.

  Singular Plural Dual
Third person लभताम् labhatām लभन्ताम् labhantām
Second person लभस्व labhasva
First person लभै labhai लभावहै

Now let us look at complex verbs and how similar or different they are. The ones who use the strong form are in italics.

  Singular Plural Dual
Third person सुनुताम् sunutām सुन्वताम्
Second person सुनुष्व sunuṣva
First person सुनवै sunavai सुनवावहै sunavāvahai सुनवामहै

It is important to note that there is a difference when it comes to the command mood in the complex verbs of Atmanepada and Parsmaipada.